Friday, April 7, 2017

The word 'Utah' means 'top of the mountains' and is derived from the Ute Indian language." --From a Utah tourist brochure dated June 1955.

"The word 'Utah originated with the people inhabiting that region..of the Utah nation, which belongs to the Shoshone family. There were many tribes...There were the Pah Utes...and many others. Pah signifies water. ...Pah Utes, Indians that live about the water." --from Hubert H. Bancroft's "History of Utah." published in 1964.

"Utah comes from the Ute tribe and means 'people of the mountains." --From the Information Please 1994 almanac.

"Utah -- from a Navajo word meaning upper, or higher up, as applied to a Shoshone tribe called Ute. Spanish form is Yutta. English is Uta or Utah." --From The 1979 World Almanac and Book of Facts.

These quotes compiled by the Utah Education Network website show that we are still not sure where the  state’s name came from but fairly certain that it originated with the state’s indigenous peoples. There are roughly 32 thousand Native Americans in Utah, or a little over 1 percent of the population.

There are eight federally recognized Indian tribes in the state:

·         Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation (Nevada and Utah)

·         Navajo Nation (Arizona, New Mexico and Utah)

·         Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation 

·         Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah  (Cedar Band of Paiutes, Kanosh Band of Paiutes, Koosharem Band of Paiutes, Indian Peaks Band of Paiutes, and Shivwits Band of Paiutes)

·         Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of Utah

·         Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah and Ouray Reservation

·         Ute Mountain Ute Tribe (Colorado, New Mexico and Utah)

These tribes are distributed across the breadth of Utah with concentrations in the eastern and southwestern parts of the state. There is also is significant Native American presence along the Wasatch front population centers.
The Department of Workforce Services has just published an interactive graphic detailing demographic information about Utah’s Native American population. The visualization has six tabs. Unlike other department graphic tools, it has a principal focus on raw numbers rather than proportions because of the huge disparity in populations at the county level. For example there are thousands of Native Americans in San Juan County but only one person in Rich County.
The first tab presents median earnings defined as compensation from all employment plus other sources of income. This is a useful measure when comparing the income of workers who may receive non-wage income from the sales of agricultural products or bonus income from the sale of tribal natural resources. The number of counties is limited because of the paucity of reliable data in counties with small Native American populations.  Statewide, full time males earn slightly less than their national counterparts. The same is true for female Native American Utahns. It must be noted that Utah tribes are geographically disadvantaged when compared to their Pacific and eastern peers; tribal seats are far from the major population areas and therefore unable to market their legal and cultural advantages as effectively.

The second tab shows veterans status by age. Native American Utahns are less likely to be former members of the armed forces.  For Utahns and the nation as a whole, younger people are much less likely to be veterans than their elders.
The third tab shows educational attainment, Here, the results are mixed. The distribution for male Utahns is about the same as for male Native Americans nationally; around 13 percent of males have college degrees and roughly 23 percent have not finished high schools. However only 11 percent of Utah females have college while the comparable national statistic is close to 13 percent  Further, Utah lags the national statistics with respect to the native American females without a high school; diploma by roughly two percentage points.